In the beginning of spring, and sometimes in autumn, flooding of residential areas occurs due to the occurrence of such a natural phenomenon as flood. It is characterized by an uneven but intense rise in the water level in rivers due to the active melting of the snow cover or heavy rainfall. This phenomenon is temporary, but it is often capable of causing serious material damage, damage to communication, and especially sewer systems.
Floods can last for several days, and the most significant of them can even lead to flooding. You should know that with a sharp increase in water in floods, flood waves can form. Areas located in lowlands most often fall under the destructive influence of such phenomena. Let us consider what actions should be taken when there is a threat of flooding, whether it is possible to prepare for it, and how to behave during a raging element.
How to prepare for the flood
If there is a risk of flooding, a warning message will be transmitted on radio and television. It provides information on the estimated time of arrival of water to residential areas, territorial boundaries falling under flooding and evacuation procedures (if necessary).
A reminder of what to do during a flood
Having heard such a message, one should prepare for the flood as follows:
- All valuables, including household appliances and furniture, should be transferred to the attic or upper floor.
- Seal doors, windows throughout the room. You can clog them with boards.
- Ditches for water discharge should be cleared of garbage, stones.
- All ventilation openings should be closed to prevent dirty surface water from entering the house.
- Free cellars from food and interior items
- Take care of animals. Dogs must be untied and removed from the chain.
- Turn off all gas equipment, turn off the power, shut off the water supply.
- Pack medicines, dry spare sets of clothes and bed linen, documents, money in a waterproof bag.
- You should always have prepared a supply of food and water, which is enough for 2-3 days.
- Only the necessary things should be taken with you: passport, food supplies, dry warm clothes, toiletries.
- If you have a boat, then keep it ready, and you may also need any rescue equipment: vest, circle. Remember to put the rope in the boat.
You should know in advance the location of the safest elevated sites located near your place of residence. Choose the most optimal route to them.
Arriving at the evacuation point, do not forget to register. Do not turn off the radio; information may be supplemented or changed depending on the development of an emergency.
How to act during a flood
Before leaving the house at the indicated point for evacuation to a safe area, it is imperative to check the electricity meters, gas supply valves and make sure that everything is closed. Floating objects that may be hazardous require additional reinforcement.
If the flood caught you suddenly or there is no organized evacuation, then you should leave on your own by a safe route to areas located on a hill. You can wait for help on the upper floors of the house, roofs, tall strong trees. Attract attention to yourself. In daylight, you can give a signal with a bright fabric. For greater visibility, attach it to a stick. At dusk and at night, a light or sound signal can indicate your location. For this, a flashlight or phone display is suitable.
Correct and consistent actions during flooding will help you wait for help without significant loss. When rescuers approach, one should not panic and fuss. Take your time in a swim. Do not overload the boat, follow the recommendations and advice of the rescue team. Control your emotions. Do not make chaotic active movements. When transporting you to a safe place, do not get up, change or sit on the sides of the boat.
If you or someone from your environment urgently needs medical attention, then if you have a reliable swimming vessel you can leave the disaster area, but in this case do not stop giving the signal. It is also important to know the right direction of travel. If you saw a man drowning, give him help. To do this, a rope or lifebuoy is suitable. Guide him with your voice, taking into account the flow of water. How to help a drowning man you can read in detail in our article.
If the flood caught you in the car, leave it. Look for any high objects that will help you wait out the active period of the elements. When driving out of a flooded area on a car, avoid roads that are blurry or flooded.
How to act after the flood
Recommendations to the population after the flood
After the water began to decrease, you should wait for official permission from the authorized bodies that you can return to your homes. You can not enter the room without first examining it for damage. Pay special attention to cracks in walls and damage to floors. Inspect electrical wiring, plumbing, and sewer pipes.
Post-flooding activities also include thorough ventilation of the building. However, do not use gas equipment or open flames to dry. Do not use switches. It is desirable that their serviceability is confirmed by specialists.
First, pump out the remaining water from the house. Remove dirt and silt from walls, floors. It is necessary to pump out water systematically, not all at once. So you will not cause severe damage to the foundation. Take no more than 1/3 of the total amount of water daily. Living in a building where moisture is not allowed.
Throw wet wet products immediately. They are no longer edible. Wells should also be cleaned before using them. Sprinkle standing water around the house with lime or plenty of bleach. You do not need to raise the temperature too sharply in the hope that this will help more quickly dry the house. While there is water in the room, the temperature should not be higher than + 4.
With the right and thoughtful approach to floods, many fatal consequences can be avoided. The main thing is not to succumb to panic moods and think over your actions in advance. Be sure about the dangers of flooding and how to act during floods must be reported to all relatives, especially children. For older people, place a detailed plan or evacuation plan in a prominent place.
What to do after the incident
Immediately after the flood, the trial begins, to whom the compensation is due and in what quantity. If a specially convened commission recognized the house as irreparable, then its residents will have to move to a new place or rebuild the building from scratch.
In cases where the house has stood up against the elements, you need to be patient and wait until the employees Ministry of Emergencies Do not pump out excess water from it.
The process can be accelerated if you do this yourself: state aid often arrives late. Before starting restoration work, at least a week must pass before the site is freed from excess water.
Irkutsk Tulun continues to eliminate the effects of flooding.
As reported NTV correspondent Mikhail Chernov, that a third of the city was washed out in Tulun is already visible at the entrance. The building of the bus station in ruins, on the crumpled benches are on the street. Passengers waiting for the bus admire the view of the ruins.
At best, gates remained from fences, and ruins and flooded foundations remained from houses and outbuildings. Water spilled all over the district, flooding entire streets. Many houses were carried away by the stream, others have already been dismantled.
This morning, Russian President Vladimir Putin arrived in the Irkutsk region. The head of state will hold a meeting on flood management.
For unprofessional drying, a small pump that pumps out liquid will do.
During operation, it is necessary to fix on the paper and photographs all the damage that remains after the incident. This will help expedite the payment of insurance (if any) or receive compensation from the budget.
When entering a flooded house, you need to make sure that electricity, gas and water supply are completely disconnected. Typically, certain services do this, but it will never be superfluous to check again. Walking through an unfinished flooded house can cost a living.
Flooding in the Irkutsk region
In the victim of the flood Tulun delivered humanitarian aid from Irkutsk
Putin ordered the creation of new jobs in the flood-hit Tulun
Putin invited families from flood-affected regions to a parade in St. Petersburg
Young participant in a meeting in the Kremlin made Putin laugh
Where to start recovery
Before starting recovery work, it is necessary to protect the limbs with rubber boots and tight rubberized gloves, and wear a respirator on your face. Water could bring hazardous chemicals and gutters.
Furniture and household appliances
The first thing you need to save the surviving furniture and appliances. Wooden products, carpets, soft sofas and mattresses - all this must be dried in the open sun. What cannot be restored already must be discarded before it begins to rot. Typically, furniture from chipboard and MDF is sent to the landfill.
Sex is also unlikely to survive prolonged exposure to moisture. There are times when a thick parquet board stands under the onslaught of the elements and does not require further repairs. Concrete, tiles, porcelain tiles also carry floods. But the laminate and linoleum will definitely be damaged, and the floor will have to be torn to the ground.
If the base of the floor is wooden logs, then you need to check them for dampness. Residual moisture will cause the tree to rot and break gradually.
Facade and foundation of the house
The foundation also requires verification - it should be without cracks. Facades decorated with siding, brick cladding or natural stone can easily withstand the effects of water. But the paint and plaster will probably have to be updated.
Drywall is a popular material for interior wall decoration, and it also suffers from moisture more than other materials. It needs to be replaced in the early days of restoration work. Some experts recommend carefully cutting drywall to the lower level of flooding and replacing it with a piece of a new sheet. However, it is better to play it safe and update the walls completely.