Melon is beautiful, especially chilled in the midday summer heat. But sometimes choosing, having bought and tasted this fruit, a small disappointment comes: tasteless, savory, there is no aroma. But do not be upset, to avoid such joyless purchases you just need to know how to choose a melon. There are secrets and subtleties in this simple matter, we’ll talk about them.
How to choose a melon
Melon is one of the oldest cultures known to the world. Hundreds of centuries BC, the cultivation of wild melons took place in India, Central Asia or Iran. Until now, scientists do not know the exact region, nor even the exact time of its appearance, history mentions that in ancient Egypt, the fruit was loved and grown. Many years have passed, over the period of the plant's existence, methods, tips, even rules by which you can learn to choose the right, good fruit have been formed.
First of all, it is worthwhile to understand for yourself which melon you prefer, because there are many varieties, they are distinguished by taste, smell, texture and juiciness. To buy fruit it is better to go to the market or to the store. Pay attention to where the fruits are stored, if this is a market, then they should be in the shade under a canopy or indoors. Do not buy fruits along roads and roads - they absorb smog from cars, radionuclides and heavy metals. As a rule, sellers in such places do not have documents from the SES. So, how to choose this gourd.
Which grade to give preference
On the shelves of markets and shops you can see dozens of varieties of melon. Central Asian varieties have excellent taste. They are also famous for the fact that they ripen faster than the fruits that sprout in Russia. No less popular are Ukrainian melons and domestic melons brought from the south.
Lovers to enjoy juicy melon usually choose the following varieties:
- "Torpedo". It is easy to recognize by its oblong shape.
- Galileo. They differ in the green color of the skin.
- Altai Attracts with its strong aroma.
- "Collective farmer". It has a round shape of saturated yellow.
Almost all cultivated melon varieties have the same value. A rather large sum of money has to be paid to the buyer for the early fruits that appear on sale in June-July. With the onset of August, the price of melons drops significantly, as late varieties begin to ripen in large numbers.
How to recognize a good melon by its smell
The aroma makes it possible to approximately evaluate the ripeness of the selected fruit. The buyer should sniff at the place where the flesh connects to the tail. The delicate smell of fresh pulp speaks of the high quality of the melon. If the aroma is barely perceptible, then this representative of melons has not yet had time to ripen, which means that it is not worth buying.
When choosing a fruit by its aroma, you need to remember such a feature. Melon will smell stronger in rooms in which high air temperature is maintained. Therefore, the smell of products in the store will be much easier than fruits that are sold in open markets.
Melon selection by its color and sound
As for the sound of a melon, it will not be easy to determine. In this situation, you can’t just pick and tap on the fetus, as is usually done with watermelons. Such an action can provoke damage to the delicate skin of melons. To hear the sound, you need to slightly clap your palm on the selected melon. A sonorous sound indicates that it is not yet ripe. A dull sound speaks of the opposite.
The color of the fetus also does not hurt to pay attention. It makes it possible to understand whether it was damaged during transportation or storage. Ideally, only one bright spot can be present on melons of this species. It is located on the site that came into contact with the ground during the ripening of the melon. Therefore, the rays of the sun did not reach him.
Dark spots should push the buyer away. They appear in those cases when the fetus begins to rot due to damage. The bacteria that cause rot easily make their way to the pulp through a thin skin. Such a melon is definitely not suitable for a dining table.
Evaluation of the elasticity and appearance of the fetus
Another important indicator that will tell the whole truth about the quality of the melon that has turned up by the arm. To evaluate it, you need to take the fetus in both hands and squeeze a little. It should start to spring slightly. If the melon is very hard to the touch, then it is not ripe. If after pressing on the skin there are fingerprints, then that, most likely, is overripe.
If the buyer chooses a fruit that belongs to the “torpedo” variety, then noticeable grooves should be on its surface. "Altai" differs in ideally smooth surface. When the melon passes the test of elasticity, its skin needs to be scratched a little. In a mature fetus, the peel without any problems will come off under the pressure of the fingers. But the glossy surface is a sign that he has not yet ripened.
Be sure to inspect your own fingers after their contact with melons. If there were oily stains on them, then the buyer took into his own hands the goods that had been waxed before. This simple way helps to protect the product from premature spoilage. So there is no guarantee that the fruit lying on the counter was brought in recently, rather than languishing here for several weeks.
It does not hurt to examine in detail the tail of the melon. If it is not dry, but slightly wilted, then the fruit is ripe enough. It is also worth assessing the condition of the nose, which is located on the spot where the flower once was located. If it is soft, then the melon is good. The nose should be easily pressed in, but not fall inward.
The effect of the melon floor on her taste
People have learned to determine the sex of a melon. It is believed that “girls” are several times tastier and juicier than “boys”. It’s not so difficult to distinguish between fruits. If the melon is feminine, then she can see a dry and thick ponytail. But the nose is very large and soft. If the fetus has the opposite, then this is a "boy."
Where to buy melon
The recommendations that will help distinguish juicy and tasty melon from unripe were listed above. As one could understand, to determine quality products, it is enough to evaluate them for smell, color and touch. In order for the fruit to be not only tasty, but also useful, it is necessary to carefully choose the place where you can buy it.
Appetizing fruits are recommended to be purchased in stores or places that are specially created for the sale of gourds. All melons should be in the shade at a small distance from ground level. If they lie directly on the asphalt or on the ground, dirt can enter them. This is especially dangerous when the product has minor damage. Then it will be very difficult to wash it.
It is highly discouraged to buy melons, even if they have a pleasant appearance, in spontaneous markets that are created right next to the road. Almost every fruit has microcracks. As mentioned earlier, dirt and dust enter the flesh through them. In addition, it can absorb exhaust gases containing substances that are harmful to health.
Do not buy fruits on the surface of which there are lumps of dirt. They indicate that they were collected in rainy weather. Because of this, the flesh of a melon can be too watery and almost tasteless. No less concern should be a perfectly pure fruit. Perhaps before the sale he was bathed. This procedure robs vegetables and fruits of their natural protective layer, which prevents pathogens from seeping into the pulp.
No need to agree to the entreaties of the seller to pre-try a cut piece of melon to make sure its quality. Such a treat can cause serious poisoning, as the buyer does not know for sure whether all the rules were observed during the cutting and storage of the peeled fruit.
You should not be afraid to assess the quality of a melon you like before buying it. After all, this is the only way the buyer has the opportunity to choose a worthy fruit, which will become the main treat of the dining table. But a spontaneous purchase can be very disappointing, as it deprives a person of a chance to find a really tasty melon among a whole mountain of melons.
How to choose a ripe melon
The purchase period is an important point. We all start transporting our favorite melons from Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan as early as the month of June; they are unsweetened at this time of the year. But already at the end of summer - the beginning of autumn, the long-awaited melon season begins. Therefore, it is better to enjoy sweet fruits at this time. Everything that is on the shelves earlier than this period is at best brought from far abroad, and in the worst, the ripening process was accelerated and certainly not the most useful preparations or means.
We all know and love the most common varieties - Kolkhozstsa and Torpedo - two varieties unlike each other, both externally, in taste and smell.
The collective farmer is round, sometimes slightly elongated to an oval shape, the skin is bright yellow, the cracks characteristic of melon are clearly visible on the surface. It tastes sweet, incredibly fragrant. The pulp is tender, juicy, you can even say watery, melts in your mouth. The torpedo is elongated more strongly, in appearance it looks like a self-propelled projectile (which is clear from the name of the variety). The color is pale yellow, sometimes greenish. Her peel is also all strewn with cracks, even more intensely than that of the Collective Farm Woman. It tastes honey-sweet, but less aromatic. The flesh is cartilaginous in consistency when not ripened. Most often we buy these varieties, although in the markets today they are not the only representatives of their kind. Melons are brought to Russia from the Mediterranean, from Morocco and even from Southeast Asia.
How to choose a ripe melon?
Pay attention to such nuances:
- You must judiciously choose a place to buy. Imagine the situation, you are driving from St. Petersburg to the sea by car (I just have an article about this craziness), along the way you see - along the highway melons, watermelons and other goodies are sold. So I want to buy and eat! But do not! Be at least a little squeamish, live longer. A point of sale on the side of a dusty road, pass by. You will reach civilization, and buy there.
- The seller must have an SES conclusion, which he must provide to customers upon request.
- Take a good look at the melon. It should not be damaged. Any violation of the integrity of the skin creates favorable conditions for the development of microbes. Dots of gray and brown color indicate that the fetus is affected by the disease or has begun to rot.
- Smell her. Feel the sweet aroma? Unripe melons do not smell.
- Knock on it. A ripe melon will make a dull sound. The tail should be thick and dry, and the nose should be slightly soft. So when choosing a watermelon, you should not look for a dry tail, other rules apply there, we'll talk about them later.
These are general rules that help you choose a ripe melon. But on the shelves you can still see many varieties of these fruits. What kind do you prefer?
How to choose a sweet melon depending on the variety: torpedo, collective farmer, goulabi or Ethiopian
How to distinguish a collective farmer from a torpedo, and which is tastier?
The collective farmer is usually round or oval, her peel is bright yellow. It is very fragrant, and its flesh is tender, juicy.
The torpedo is clearly more elongated. See the photo. Color is from light yellow to greenish.
It is not as fragrant as the Collective Farm Girl, not so tender, but also sweet.
Now melons are brought to the Russian market from all over the world: from the Mediterranean, from Morocco, etc. Therefore, we have a wide selection of varieties, not only Torpedo and Kolkhoznitsa.
The Gulyabi variety is imported from Uzbekistan. Outwardly, he looks like a torpedo.
Some varieties are brought from Thailand all year round. This, for example, Cantaloupe or Cantaloupe. She is sweet, but not very juicy. In principle, the choice should be guided by the same rules as with the other varieties.
There is also an interesting variety of these sweet vegetables - Turkmenka. Her color is bright yellow with a patterned mesh.
This variety is surprisingly cold-resistant, so they can be grown anywhere, even in Siberia itself. Do you dream to grow a melon in your area? Try to plant Turkmenka!
In the meantime, we are choosing a melon in the store, carefully feel it. The peel must have good resistance so that it cannot be pushed with your fingers.
Too soft melon - overripe. This, incidentally, applies to any kind of melon.
The greenish tint of the skin indicates an unacceptable amount of nitrates in the fruit.
A little more about the benefits of sweet and ripe melon
Melon is an amazing sweet fruit (ah, sorry - a vegetable), which contains many useful substances that help us to remain young, healthy and beautiful.
I wrote a lot about tasty and healthy food. So, melon can be attributed to healthy desserts.
This is cool! You can eat something sweet without harm to health, and even with good.
Of course, there are contraindications. For example, diabetics are better off not eating it.
If you are going on vacation and are considering what to take on a trip to the sea with a child, what to take a child on a plane or on a train, then you simply cannot find the best dessert with you on the road!
This sweet does not spoil for a long time. Some varieties can remain tasty and healthy until spring.
Therefore, if you gathered with your child at sea by car, and he, of course, wants sweets on the road, then before the trip buy a small tasty melon for the whole family.
The first half way the melon can go in the trunk. A cut melon can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 7 days.
So, if you have a cooler bag, then where to put the rest of the melon, no questions.
Just remember that melon is a bad snack. Do not use this dessert with alcohol, this will lead to poisoning.
The melon season is short. Hurry up to get your share of delicious vitamins!
If I messed up something in the pictures with varieties of melon - please write in the comments. And then, it seems to me that ghoulby and Turkmen are very similar.
Regards to you, Margarita Mamaeva
What does a ripe fruit look like? When choosing a melon, pay attention to the shape. Each individual variety has a different one - round or oval. The main thing is that there should not be bumps and dents on it. Such damage indicates non-compliance with the rules for the transportation and storage of melons. Green blotches and heterogeneous coloring are signs of unripe fruits.
Ripe melon is determined by dry scales.. If they are easily cleaned, then everything is in order, take the fetus without fear. Inspect the fetus for cracks and incisions. In this case, you can be sure that dirt and germs did not get inside. GOST permits healed scratches.
The smell of melon never fails. Ripe fruits exude a sweetish vanilla, pear or honey aroma. Therefore, if the melon seems ripe, but does not smell anything, put it back.
To correctly identify a good, ripe melon by sound, click your fingers on the surface. If you hear a ringing, it means that it is not ripe, a muffled sound indicates that the fetus is ready for use.
A dry ponytail and nose indicate that the melon has been picked ripe. If they are green, then the fruits ripened in artificial conditions.
You have probably heard that melons are divided into female and male fruits. How to determine this? Pay attention to the stalk: if it is dry and thick, then you have a “girl” in front of you. It is these fruits that have a sweet honey pulp.
Many are used to buying melons directly from the truck, thinking that the fruits have just been picked. In fact, this is not so. Often, such sellers do not have the relevant documents and certificates of product quality. Harmful substances, heavy metals from the air, accumulate in the melon peel. And with this storage method this is inevitable.
Buy melons only at official points of sale - in supermarkets and markets. The larger the store, the more thoroughly check products.
Important! At retail outlets in the market, ask for permission to trade and certificates with the results of laboratory tests.
Often in the market we are offered to try a piece of melon to appreciate its taste. This approach to sales is dangerous to health. There is no question of any sterility and hygiene of the seller. Just imagine how a man with dirty hands cuts off a piece of dirty fruit. An upset stomach awaits you, and in the worst case, salmonellosis.
When growing melon, nitrates and toxic substances that accelerate ripening are used. Such fruits do not have a bright aroma, green spots are visible on the skin. If after cutting you notice seeds of a gray tint, it is better to refuse the use of melon. Moreover, her taste will definitely not please you. To prevent nitrates from entering the body, do not eat the flesh adjacent to the skin. After all, it is in it that harmful substances accumulate.
The nuances of choosing melon, depending on the variety
There are a large number of varieties of melons, but Torpedo, Ethiopka and Kolkhoznitsa are most often found on sale. They are better than others stored and carry transportation. На Юге России выращивают сорта Галилей, Канталупа, Алтайская, Туркменка. Какая из них вкуснее? Трудно ответить, ведь у каждого сорта свои преимущества.
Выбирая дыню Колхозница, отдавайте предпочтение небольшим плодам. Спелые плоды источают сильный аромат и обладают умеренной сладостью. Сухой хвостик и желто-оранжевый цвет кожицы – признаки зрелого фрукта.
Сорт Торпеда enjoys great popularity due to its dense structure and pronounced taste. What should be a long torpedo? Ripe fruits have a pale yellow peel. The larger the specimen, the sweeter the flesh. The aroma of this melon is not as strong as, for example, the Collective Farm Girl.
Ethiopian Melon appears on sale in mid-August. To choose a delicious fruit, inspect the skin. It should not have dark spots, dents or other damage. Ripe fruits are soft inside, have an orange-yellow color, a rough surface with a coarse mesh. A muffled sound when tapped indicates that the fetus is ripe. Press with your finger in the area of the stalk: in ripe Ethiopia it is soft, in immature - hard.
Variety Turkmenka - These are medium-sized fruits with a yellow skin and a mesh of cracks on the surface. Melon ripens in mid-autumn. Honey aroma, dry tail, bright color and a dull sound indicate ripeness. The surface should be firm and not forced by the finger.
Life hacks for choosing a good melon
When buying melons, use some tips to avoid disappointment:
- Smell the fruit. Ripe melon exudes a sweet aroma. If there is no smell - do not buy.
- Choose melon in retail outlets that are located a bit off the roadway. The peel of a good product is colored evenly, without greens. Hard melon is unripe, and too soft is overripe.
- Inspect the fetus from all sides. Brown or gray spots, cracks and dents should alert.
- Hold the fruit in your hands. Weightiness indicates maturity.
- After cutting, inspect the seeds. If they are easily separated from the pulp, the product is ready for use.
The choice of a delicious melon is a delicate matter, because a dense peel hides a juicy pulp. Try to buy melons in high season, namely - from mid-August. During this period, it is more difficult to buy an unripe fruit.
Avoid spontaneous points of sale, adopt the rules that we talked about, and enjoy the juicy and healthy flesh.